ICD 10 code for sick sinus syndrome? - [Updated]

icd 10 code for sick sinus syndrome?

I49.5

Sick sinus syndrome:

Overview:

Sick sinus syndrome is the failure of the normal pacemaker (sinus node) in the heart to produce a heart rhythm that is optimal for the needs of the body. It induces abnormal rhythms in the heart (arrhythmias). Sick sinus syndrome is also known as inflammation of the sinus node, or disorder of the sinus node.

In the upper right chamber of the heart the sinus node is an region of specialized cells. That area is regulating your heartbeat. The sinus node usually produces a steady speed of the electrical impulses. Depending on your behavior, your feelings, rest and other factors the pace shifts.

The electrical signals in sick sinus syndrome are abnormally controlled. Your pulse may be too quick, too sluggish, interrupted by long pauses — or a mixture of these rhythm problems alternating. Sick sinus syndrome is fairly rare but with age it raises the likelihood of developing it.

Eventually, many people with sick sinus syndrome require a pacemaker to hold the heart at a normal rhythm.


Signs:

The majority of people with illness with the sick sinus have little to no signs. Symptoms may be mild or can come and go — making them hard to identify at first.

Signs and symptoms of the syndrome of the sick sinus can include:

1.Heartburn 
2. lightheadedness.
3. Fainting or almost collapsing.
4. Air shortage.
5.Pain or discomfort in the thest.
6.The uncertainty.
7.Less than average (bradycardia) pulse.
8.A fast, fluttering heartbeat (palpitations) sensation.


How to see a doctor:

If you have any signs or symptoms of illness with the sick sinus, speak to the doctor. A lot of medical conditions can cause these problems, and a prompt and accurate diagnosis is crucial.

If you have recent or unexplained chest pain or fear that you are having a heart attack, call for urgent emergency medical assistance.


Causes:

1.Heartbeat regular.
2.Normal heartbeat Open dialog box for pop-up.
3.Your heart consists of four chambers — two upper (atria) chambers, and two lower (ventricles). The heart rhythm is usually regulated by the sinus node, an region of specialized cells in the upper right heart chamber (atrium).

This natural pacemaker generates electrical signals which activate every heart beat. Electrical impulses pass from the sinus node via the atria to the ventricles, causing them to contract, pumping blood through the lungs and body.

If you have sick sinus syndrome, the sinus node is not functioning properly, triggering too sluggish (bradycardia), too fast (tachycardia) or erratic heart rate.


Problems with the sinus node include:

1.Sinus bradycardia. The sinus node generates a slower rate of electric charge than normal.
2.Arrest with Sinus. Sinus node delay signals, triggering missed beats.
Sinoatrial block to exit. Signals to the upper chambers of the heart are delayed or blocked, triggering a delay or missing beats.
3.Chronotropic inaptitude. At rest the heart rate is normal but with physical activity does not increase.
4.Syndrome of bradycardia-tachycardia. The heart rate alternates between an abnormally slow and rapid rhythms, usually between heartbeats with a long pause (asystole).

Who makes the node misfire on the sinus?


Sinus node defects can be caused by:

1.Age-related wear and tear of heart tissue.
2.Cardiac disease.
3. Inflammatory heart diseases.
4.Sinus node injury or heart surgery scarring.
5.High blood pressure drugs, including blocks of calcium channels and beta blockers.
6.Arrhythmias to treat abnormal heartbeats.
7.Some drugs for Alzheimer's disease.
8.Neuromuscular disorders such as dystrophy of the muscles.
9.Apnea obstructive sleep.
10.Rare mutations in genetics.


Risk factors:

Sick sinus syndrome can occur at any age, but in people 70s or older it is most common. Common risk factors for heart disease can increase the risk of syndrome with sick sinus:

1.High blood pressure.
2.High levels of cholesterol.
3. Body weight excess.
4.Missing workout.


Complications:

If the normal pacemaker of your heart does not function correctly, the heart can not function as well as it should.

This can contribute to:

1.Atrial fibrillation, the upper chambers of the heart's erratic rhythm.
2.Cardiac failure.
3.Stretch.
4.Arrest of the cardiac.